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How is the calculation of capital gains on property performed?

Updated: Nov 24, 2023

The profit earned from the sale of a property. It is the difference between the selling price of the property and its cost of acquisition.

Determining the acquisition date of a property becomes crucial in such cases, where the registration date differs from the possession or payment completion date. Legal precedents vary on this matter, often depending on the specific details and documentation involved. The prevailing view suggests that the acquisition date should be the point at which the purchaser gains an unrestricted right to the property.

capital gains on property

Capital Gains on Property

1. Capital Gains Puzzle:

- Query: Commercial property bought in 1999, full payment made, and possession received; registration completed in 2011.

- Varied Views: Ongoing debate on determining the acquisition date when possession and registration dates differ.

- Prevailing Perspective: The acquisition date hinges on obtaining an unrestricted right to the property.

2. Date of Acquisition Complexity:

- Considering both payment and possession finalized in 1999, considering this as the acquisition year seems reasonable.

- Navigating Divergence: The possibility of litigation necessitates a thorough examination of documents, agreements, and terms.

3. Long-Term Capital Gains Insight:

- With the holding period exceeding two years, any gains or losses from the property's transfer fall under long-term capital gain or loss.

- Options for Cost of Acquisition: Property owners can choose either the fair market value as of April 1, 2001, or the actual cost of acquisition.

- Indexation Application: Indexation should align with the chosen cost of acquisition for accurate calculations.

capital gains on property

4. Tax Implications:

- Shedding light on the nuanced tax implications and considerations for individuals maneuvering through property gains.

5. Retiree's Taxing Situation:

- Query: Opted for voluntary retirement, transferred 50% of the retirement corpus to the wife's Fixed Deposit (FD).

- Tax Liability Clarification: Money gifted to the spouse doesn't constitute taxable income in her hands.

- Clubbing Provisions: The interest income from the FD is taxable in the retiree's hands.

6. Navigating Judicial Views:

- Some judicial perspectives suggest that any reinvestment of the interest income by the spouse might not be included in the retiree's income.

- Emphasizing the Importance of Professional Advice: Seeking clarity on tax implications for informed decision-making.

capital gains on property

To find capital gains from the sale of a property, use the following formula:

Capital Gain=(Full Value of Consideration Received on Transfer)−(Cost of Acquisition of Capital Asset+Cost of Improvement of Capital Asset+Expenditure Incurred in Connection with Transfer of Capital Asset)


- Underlining the critical need for a nuanced understanding of tax regulations and legal precedents.

- Encouraging Consultation with Tax Professionals: A prudent step for ensuring accurate and compliant financial decisions.

As we conclude this guide, it's evident that grasping the nuances of capital gains calculation is essential for anyone involved in property transactions. Long-term capital gains and tax-efficient property strategies underscore the need for informed decision-making in the dynamic landscape of real estate.


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